The main causes of prostatitis in men

With prostatitis, the inflammatory process takes place in the region of the prostate gland. This is one of the most common urological diseases. The causes of prostatitis in men are varied.

Prostatitis is diagnosed in older men who are not confident in their abilities

What is prostatitis?

The disease is accompanied by urinary incontinence. Often men have a feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder.

The main causes of acute bacterial prostatitis are infections that:

  • Transmitted during intercourse (urethroplasmosis, chlamydia);
  • Penetrate the urethra from the rectum (infection Klebsiella, Pseudomonas aeruginosa).

If the prostate gland becomes inflamed, a man's emotional state can quickly deteriorate. In this case the libido disappears.

Deterioration of the nervous system can be characterized by the following symptoms:

  • Anxiety;
  • Deterioration of mood;
  • Sleep disorders;
  • Increased irritation.

Where do prostatitis patients come from?

It is worth explaining what causes acute or chronic prostatitis in men. The likelihood of developing the disease increases under the influence of the following key factors:

  • Obscene sexual intercourse;
  • Non-compliance with the basic rules of personal hygiene;
  • Urinary reflux in the bladder area;
  • Phimosis;
  • Hypothermia;
  • Strong emotional shock;
  • Blood stagnation in the pelvis.

Causes of the disease

Acquired causes of inflammation of the prostate gland include:

  • Narrowing of the urethra. This causes a deterioration in urine output and an increase in pressure in the urethra;
  • Perineal injury, which led to the emergence of a chronic inflammatory process;
  • Stones in the prostate area;
  • Hard physical work;
  • Existence of a chronic inflammatory process in which the prostate vessels are damaged.

Acute and chronic infectious pathologies

The inflammatory process in the prostate gland may be the result of another disease. These pathologies are: gonorrhea and urethritis. The following diseases can also lead to the development of the disease:

  • Cystitis;
  • Angina pectoris;
  • Incompletely treated caries;
  • Tuberculosis.

In the presence of a focus of acute or chronic infection, the root cause of the disease must first be eliminated: neutralize the action of the infectious agent.


Prolonged prostatitis is often accompanied by damage to the testicular tissue. With this pathology there is a violation of spermatogenesis, the process of synthesis of sex hormones is slowed down. Erectile dysfunction often occurs during congestive prostatitis.

The risk of chronic congestive prostatitis increases under the influence of the following factors:

  • Low physical activity;
  • Weakness of the pelvic floor muscles;
  • Prolonged abstinence from intimate relationships;
  • Terminated sexual intercourse as a method of protection against unwanted pregnancies;
  • Frequent constipation;
  • The presence of cancer;
  • Reduced vascular tone;
  • The appearance of complications after surgery on the pelvic organs;
  • Pelvic varicose disease.

Treatment of congestive prostatitis involves the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. These medications eliminate discomfort, reduce tissue swelling.

If indicated, antiplatelet agents are used. These drugs improve the blood thinning process.

With congestive prostatitis, the introduction of sulfated mucopolysaccharide in the form of injections using nicotinic acid has been shown.

Venotonics contribute to the strength of the venous walls. Drugs of the alpha-blocker group help to improve urine output. In some situations, when the prostate is swollen, immunomodulators, muscle relaxants, and sedatives are used.

Seated work

An inactive lifestyle provokes the formation of stagnation processes in the tissues of the prostate gland. Passive conduction impairs the functions of the nervous and endocrine systems. Unfavorable environmental conditions increase the risk of developing prostatitis.

Prolonged abstinence

During prolonged abstinence, semen stagnation is observed. In it, the multiplication of pathogenic microorganisms can begin, which provokes the emergence of an inflammatory process in the prostate.

During prolonged abstinence, sexual desire disappears. Low sexual activity can also lead to impotence.


Under the influence of low temperatures the corresponding vessel narrows. In this case, the blood supply to the prostate is disrupted, leading to a deterioration in the nutrition of the body.

To prevent hypothermia, you should follow the simple recommendations:

  • It is recommended to wear seasonal outerwear;
  • It is necessary to avoid prolonged stay in the wind, in the immediate vicinity of the air conditioner.
Pain in the lower abdomen in men with inflammation of the prostate gland

Causes of prostatitis in men after 40 years

Inflammation of the prostate gland in young men develops under the influence of the following causes:

  • Swelling in the pelvis;
  • Presence of latent infectious diseases (chlamydia, trichomoniasis). With such pathologies, a sluggish inflammatory process occurs in the tissues of the prostate gland.

Causes of prostatitis in patients older than 55 years

The disease after 55 years can occur under the influence of such factors:

  • Androgen deficiency;
  • The presence of atrophy of the pelvic floor muscles;
  • Weakened immunity due to chronic infections;
  • Slowing of blood flow;
  • Loss of sexual function;
  • Weakening of the sphincters around the bladder.

One of the reasons for the development of prostatitis is the patient being overweight. Due to the extra kilograms, increased pressure is created around the pelvic venous plexus.

Other causes of disease development

According to a psychomatologist (Louise Hay), men's health depends on the psychological state of the stronger sex. According to this theory, the causes of prostatitis can be the following:

  • A feeling of not being able to control the major events in your life;
  • Internal experience due to sexual dysfunction;
  • Feelings of guilt towards your partner.

The pathology is often diagnosed in older men who experience insecurity in their abilities.

To prevent the development of prostatitis at this stage of life, you need to learn positive thinking. A man should not focus on what makes him depressed.

Where does prostate inflammation hurt in men?

It is worth explaining where enlarged prostatitis hurts. As the disease progresses, pain appears in the following parts of the body:

  • scrotum;
  • Penis
  • Lower back;
  • Anus region.

What pain occurs in men with prostatitis depends on the following factors:

  • Stages of the disease;
  • Localization of inflammatory focus.

With a long course of prostatitis, pain can occur in the area of the testicles and vesicles.

Pain in the legs

It is worth knowing what are the main symptoms of prostatitis, what hurts. When the prostate gland becomes inflamed, blood circulation is disrupted. This can cause pain in the lower extremities.

In some cases, bacterial prostatitis develops reactive arthritis. In this case the pain occurs not in the muscles but in the area of one tissue or joint.

Discomfort in the testicles

One of the signs of the disease is pain in the perineum. It can spread to the penis, pubis, testicles. Discomfort in the testicles and folds of the uterus occurs when the testicles are damaged.

In the presence of a purulent process, unpleasant sensations of a shooting nature are observed in the testicles and prostate. In this case, the course of the disease is complicated by a disorder of the urinary process, severe weakness, fever.

Discomfort in the anus

The main cause of anal pain is that the prostate is located next to the rectum. At the same time, the unpleasant sensations are of a shooting nature. Discomfort is aggravated by defecation.

Pain caused by inflammation of the prostate gland may be accompanied by constipation, flatulence.

Pain in the pelvis

Kudusun pain is one of the symptoms of the disease. Discomfort is often accompanied by a feeling of a foreign body in the anus. Similar symptoms indicate impaired body functions during chronic prostatitis.

Lower abdominal pain

As the disease progresses, the volume of glandular tissue in the body increases. The pain in the lower abdomen is often sharp. In this case the inflammatory process covered the bladder and rectum.

After the course of treatment the swelling disappears. The prostate gland shrinks in size. As a result, the pain in the lower abdomen becomes less pronounced.

Localization of pain

If you have pain, you should undergo a full medical examination. Pain-like localization is observed in colorectal cancer.


An analgesic and antipyretic from the pyrazolone group are used to relieve discomfort. The tool helps relieve pain, has anti-inflammatory effect.

Diphenhydramine hydrochloride has anesthetic properties. The tool helps to relax smooth muscles. The drug has a calming effect on the nervous system. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs of the sulfonanilide class are endowed with pronounced anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties.

Effective folk remedies also help reduce pain:

  1. Infusion made from burdock.It is necessary to take 10 grams of pre-crushed plant roots in 200 ml of water. The product is cooked on low heat for 10 minutes. After that, the broth is infused for 30 minutes. Take 100 ml twice a day. Decoction is taken 30 minutes before eating. The average duration of the course is determined individually.
  2. Pumpkin seed.Serve 1 tablespoon of vegetable seeds twice a day. Pumpkin seeds should be eaten 60 minutes before eating. The average duration of the course varies from two to three months. Pumpkin seeds have pronounced antiseptic properties.

You should consult a urologist before using painkillers. Relevant agents can cause side effects.

Prevention of prostatitis, whose psychosomatics are quite difficult. This requires: moderate physical activity, balanced diet, abandonment of bad habits, regular sexual intercourse.